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Mitigation and adaptation potential of agroforestry systems in India

Ravindranath, NH and Joshi, P (2016) Mitigation and adaptation potential of agroforestry systems in India. [Book Chapter]

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41745-023-00362-z


According to an assessment, agriculture and forest sectors provide an opportunity for both mitigation and adaptation, and potential exists to promote synergy. There is adequate evidence to show that agroforestry systems have the potential to sequester carbon in significant quantities. Agroforestry systems sequester carbon in living biomass, as well as soil carbon, demonstrating the potential to offer the ecosystem service of climate regulation. In terms of potential, currently area under agroforestry worldwide is 1,023 Mha, and additional areas that could be brought under agroforestry have been estimated to be 630 Mha of unproductive croplands and grasslands, which could be converted to agroforestry worldwide, with a potential to sequester 586 Gg C per year by 2040. Furthermore, agroforestry systems can contribute to reducing CO2 emissions by avoiding burning of forest-based fuelwood and conserving soil. Agroforestry systems also provide valuable adaptation benefit. Their application in generating adaptation benefits range from provision of nutrition, livelihood and diverse income options for the poor to conservation of forests, building resilience and even protection against extreme events. However, the potential of agroforestry systems to sequester carbon and provide adaptation opportunities depends upon the type of agroforestry system adopted and its components and their management. It has been stated that factors like species composition, age of trees and shrubs, geographic location, local climatic factors, and management regimes play a major role in determining the capacity of the carbon sink. Mitigation - adaptation synergies are widely influenced by the characteristics of the agroforestry systems, where mismanaged association can lead to severe trade-offs and negative outcomes from the associations. There is a need to further study on the synergy and trade-off between mitigation and adaptation in agroforestry systems and their implications for the future. © 2016 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publication: Agroforestry Research Developments
Publisher: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Artificial pancreas; Biomedical models; Minimal models; Physiological modeling; Type-1 diabetes mellitus
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Robert Bosch Centre for Cyber Physical Systems
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2023 12:38
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2023 12:38
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81859

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