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Development of polyanionic sodium-ion battery insertion materials

Singh, S and Vanam, SP and Lochab, S and Fichtner, M and Barpanda, P (2023) Development of polyanionic sodium-ion battery insertion materials. [Book Chapter]

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-823144-9.00154-0


Over the last two centuries, rechargeable batteries have evolved from bulky lead-acid batteries (LAB) to sleek lithium-ion batteries (LIB). Since their commercialization in 1991, Li-ion batteries are propelling the sectors of consumer electronics and (hybrid) electric vehicles. The ever-growing and exponential dissemination of LIBs has raised concern over future supply and cost of Li. Also, the modern world warranting ‘terawatt’ scale of energy needs to be catered by multiprong energy storage solutions. In this context, various alternate monovalent and multivalent battery chemistry can be invoked. Sodium-ion batteries (SIB) forms one such option that has been recently commercialized (circa 2021). Powered by elemental resource abundance, uniform geographic distribution, operational similarity and rich materials database, sodium-ion batteries can indeed cater to suites of energy storage systems particularly independent of gravimetric/volumetric energy density such as stationary storage systems. Cathodes form a key player in the development of SIB technology, where variety of oxides, sulfides, fluorides etc. have been implemented. Similar to the case of LIBs, polyanionic framework materials can form a rich source to design robust cathode materials. This chapter elaborates the underlying design principles, crystal structures, current status of various polyanionic framework materials and future challenges/perspectives for sodium-ion batteries.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publication: Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry III, Third Edition
Publisher: Elsevier
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Borates; Capacity; Energy density; Energy storage; Inductive effect; Li-ion batteries; Mixed-polyanions; Na-ion batteries; NASICON; Oxides; Phosphates; Polyanionic compounds; Polymorphism; Redox voltage; Sulfates
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 19 May 2023 09:52
Last Modified: 19 May 2023 09:52
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81569

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