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Sequencing the Rice Genome: Gateway to Agricultural Development

Paul, A (2020) Sequencing the Rice Genome: Gateway to Agricultural Development. [Book Chapter]

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-4120-9_6


For 10, 000 years, rice, the most important staple crop in the world, has played a central role in human nutrition and culture. Ensuring a stable supply of this crop to an ever-increasing global population in the face of climate change has become essential. The focus, therefore, has shifted on maximising rice productivity, yield potential and stability. This requires an in-depth understanding of the functional genomics of rice and its breeding pipeline. Spearheaded by the Rice Genome Research Program (Japan), with multinational contribution from ten countries and integration of draft sequences from private organisations, the International Rice Genome Sequencing Project (IRGSP) published a map-based, high-quality genome sequence for Oryza sativa ssp. japonica variety ‘Nipponbare’ in 2006. With the release of the first crop genome sequence data, the global rice community identified novel genes underlying agronomic traits, developed new tool sets for marker-assisted breeding and positional cloning and advanced towards sequencing other cereal genomes. Enhanced comparative and functional genomic studies delivered crucial insights into genome diversity and evolution, speciation and domestication. Integration of the whole-genome data into diverse omics data like transcriptome, protein-protein interaction network and metabolome allowed high-throughput analysis and orthologous gene identification. The rice genome sequence simultaneously laid the foundation for the international 3000 rice genomes resequencing effort and for identification of candidate loci that can be exploited to breed Green Super Rice. More than a decade later, this milestone continues to serve as an information platform for leveraging the genomics of agroecosystems.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publication: Rice Research for Quality Improvement: Genomics and Genetic Engineering: Volume 1: Breeding Techniques and Abiotic Stress Tolerance
Publisher: Springer Singapore
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer Singapore.
Keywords: Green Super Rice; Map-based cloning; Nipponbare; Rice genome sequencing; Systems biology
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2023 05:36
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2023 05:36
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81537

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