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Evolution and contribution of extended reality in smart healthcare systems: toward a data-centric intelligent healthcare approach

Shaikh, TA and Dar, TR and Sofi, S (2022) Evolution and contribution of extended reality in smart healthcare systems: toward a data-centric intelligent healthcare approach. [Book Chapter]

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-98381-5.00008-8


Extended reality (XR) solutions are silently becoming more mature, and innovative use cases are already being explored especially in the healthcare sector. The XR market size is expected to reach 209 billion dollars by 2022. XR-assisted treatments for certain diseases like Alzheimer's, Schizophrenia, Stroke rehabilitation stimulating specific areas of the patient's brain, healing of brain injuries, training of surgeons, realistic 3D visualization, touch-free interfaces, and teach social skills to children with autism, have displayed promising results. Similar effects have also been applied in video game therapies such as Akili Interactive's EndeavorRx which has already gained FDA approval as a therapy regimen for children with ADHD. However, while these developments have been perceived well, the field of XR-supported patient treatment is still in a very early stage of its development. The XR advancement in the healthcare domain can revolutionize the medical services delivered. Imagine an elderly patient in a rural setting who has a consult with a world-class expert without ever leaving his or her own home. A surgical resident practices surgery in a virtual setting at home, rather than operating on cadavers in a medical facility. A nurse uses a vein finder to insert an IV on the first try. A war veteran rebounds from PTSD through cognitive therapy in a virtual environment. The paper outlines the possible influence of the XR in transforming the healthcare industry, its use cases, the challenges it produces, the XR tools and techniques for smart healthcare, the recent developments of XR in intelligent healthcare services, and contains a discussion around the possible benefits and future aspects of the XR techniques in the medical domain. © 2023 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publication: Extended Reality for Healthcare Systems: Recent Advances in Contemporary Research
Publisher: Elsevier
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Extended reality; Healthcare informatics; Pattern recognition; Smart healthcare
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Water Research
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2023 08:49
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2023 08:49
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81399

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