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Environmental heterogeneity modulates the effect of plant diversity on the spatial variability of grassland biomass

Daleo, P and Alberti, J and Chaneton, EJ and Iribarne, O and Tognetti, PM and Bakker, JD and Borer, ET and Bruschetti, M and MacDougall, AS and Pascual, J and Sankaran, M and Seabloom, EW and Wang, S and Bagchi, S and Brudvig, LA and Catford, JA and Dickman, CR and Dickson, TL and Donohue, I and Eisenhauer, N and Gruner, DS and Haider, S and Jentsch, A and Knops, JMH and Lekberg, Y and McCulley, RL and Moore, JL and Mortensen, B and Ohlert, T and Pärtel, M and Peri, PL and Power, SA and Risch, AC and Rocca, C and Smith, NG and Stevens, C and Tamme, R and Veen, GFC and Wilfahrt, PA and Hautier, Y (2023) Environmental heterogeneity modulates the effect of plant diversity on the spatial variability of grassland biomass. In: Nature communications, 14 (1). p. 1809.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-37395-y


Plant productivity varies due to environmental heterogeneity, and theory suggests that plant diversity can reduce this variation. While there is strong evidence of diversity effects on temporal variability of productivity, whether this mechanism extends to variability across space remains elusive. Here we determine the relationship between plant diversity and spatial variability of productivity in 83 grasslands, and quantify the effect of experimentally increased spatial heterogeneity in environmental conditions on this relationship. We found that communities with higher plant species richness (alpha and gamma diversity) have lower spatial variability of productivity as reduced abundance of some species can be compensated for by increased abundance of other species. In contrast, high species dissimilarity among local communities (beta diversity) is positively associated with spatial variability of productivity, suggesting that changes in species composition can scale up to affect productivity. Experimentally increased spatial environmental heterogeneity weakens the effect of plant alpha and gamma diversity, and reveals that beta diversity can simultaneously decrease and increase spatial variability of productivity. Our findings unveil the generality of the diversity-stability theory across space, and suggest that reduced local diversity and biotic homogenization can affect the spatial reliability of key ecosystem functions. © 2023. The Author(s).

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Nature communications
Publisher: NLM (Medline)
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to NLM (Medline).
Keywords: article; biomass; ecosystem; grassland; nonhuman; productivity; quantitative analysis; reliability; scale up; species composition; species richness; vascular plant
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2023 10:31
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2023 10:31
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81371

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