ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

A global view on star formation: The GLOSTAR Galactic plane survey

Dokara, R and Gong, Y and Reich, W and Rugel, MR and Brunthaler, A and Menten, KM and Cotton, WD and Dzib, SA and Khan, S and Medina, S-NX and Nguyen, H and Ortiz-León, GN and Urquhart, JS and Wyrowski, F and Yang, AY and Anderson, LD and Beuther, H and Csengeri, T and Müller, P and Ott, J and Pandian, JD and Roy, N (2023) A global view on star formation: The GLOSTAR Galactic plane survey. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, 671 .

ast_ast_671_2023.pdf - Published Version

Download (6MB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202245339


Context. While over 1000 supernova remnants (SNRs) are estimated to exist in the Milky Way, only less than 400 have been found to date. In the context of this apparent deficiency, more than 150 SNR candidates were recently identified in the D-configuration Very Large Array (VLA-D) continuum images of the 4- 8 GHz global view on star formation (GLOSTAR) survey, in the Galactic longitude range 2 < l < 60. Aims. We attempt to find evidence of nonthermal synchrotron emission from 35 SNR candidates in the region of Galactic longitude range 28 < l < 36, and also to study the radio continuum emission from the previously confirmed SNRs in this region. Methods. Using the short-spacing corrected GLOSTAR VLA-D+Effelsberg images, we measure the ~6 GHz total and linearly polarized flux densities of the SNR candidates and the SNRs that were previously confirmed. We also attempt to determine the spectral indices by measuring flux densities from complementary Galactic plane surveys and from the temperature-temperature plots of the GLOSTAR-Effelsberg images. Results. We provide evidence of nonthermal emission from four candidates that have spectral indices and polarization consistent with a SNR origin, and, considering their morphology, we are confident that three of these (g28.36+0.21, G28.78-0.44, and G29.38+0.10) are indeed SNRs. However, about 25 of the candidates (8 out of 35) have spectral index measurements that indicate thermal emission, and the rest of them are too faint to have a good constraint on the spectral index yet. Conclusions. Additional observations at longer wavelengths and higher sensitivities will shed more light on the nature of these candidates. A simple Monte Carlo simulation reiterates the view that future studies must persist with the current strategy of searching for SNRs with small angular size to solve the problem of the Milky Way s missing SNRs. © 2023 The Authors.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Astronomy and Astrophysics
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Galaxies; Intelligent systems; Monte Carlo methods; Supernovae, Flux densities; Galactic plane surveys; Global view; ISM: supernova remnants; Milky ways; Radio continuum: ISM; Spectral indices; Stars formation; Supernova remnants; Very large arrays, Polarization
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2023 10:24
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2023 10:24
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81326

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item