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Highly tunable spin Hall magnetoresistance in room-temperature magnetoelectric multiferroic, Sr3Co2Fe24O41|Pt hybrids

Wagh, AA and Garg, P and Mallick, K and Elizabeth, S and Kumar, PSA (2023) Highly tunable spin Hall magnetoresistance in room-temperature magnetoelectric multiferroic, Sr3Co2Fe24O41|Pt hybrids. In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 947 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2023.169343


We present spin transport studies on a low-field, room-temperature magnetoelectric multiferroic polycrystalline Sr3Co2Fe24O41|Pt heterostructure wherein a highly tunable transverse conical magnetic phase is responsible for static and dynamic magnetoelectric coupling. We measured angular dependence of spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) at constant magnetic fields (H) in the range; 50–100 kOe. Application of field below the critical value (Hc1 ≈ 2.5 kOe), yielded negative SMR and the H-evolution of normalized SMR ((ΔR∕R0) × 100 %) exhibited a negative gradient. Further, an increase in H resulted in the positive slope of (ΔR∕R0) × 100 % Vs. H and later at higher H around 14 kOe, a crossover from negative to positive SMR was observed. We employed a simple model for estimating the equilibrium magnetic configuration and computed the SMR modulation at various values of H. We argue that the tilting of the cone is dominant and in turn responsible for the observed nature of SMR below 2.5 kOe while, the closing of the cone-angle is pronounced at higher fields causing a reversal in sign of the SMR from negative to positive. Importantly, SMR experiments revealed that a change in the helicity with a reversal of the magnetic field has no influence on the observed SMR. Longitudinal spin Seebeck effect (LSSE) signal was measured to be ≈ 500 nV at 280 K, under application of thermal gradient, ΔT = 23 K and field, 60 kOe. The observed LSSE signal, originating from pure magnon spin current, showed a similar H-dependent behavior as that of the magnetization of Sr3Co2Fe24O41. Our detailed spin transport studies on polycrystalline Sr3Co2Fe24O41|Pt heterostructure demonstrate high tunability of the amplitude and the sign of the SMR, highlighting its potential for novel spintronic devices such as SMR-based spin valves and voltage-controlled spin transport devices.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Crystal symmetry; Magnetoelectric effects; Spin Hall effect, Hall magnetoresistance; Low field; Magnetic phase; Magneto-electric multiferroic; Magnetoelectric couplings; Polycrystalline; Spin transport; Spin-orbit effects; Statics and dynamics; Tunables, Magnetoresistance
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2023 09:28
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2023 09:28
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81142

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