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Char reactivity assessment with steam in packed bed and pilot scale under oxy-steam environment

Sharma, SK and Shivapuji, AM and Dasappa, S (2023) Char reactivity assessment with steam in packed bed and pilot scale under oxy-steam environment. In: Fuel, 344 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2023.128086


This paper focuses on char gasification in steam towards generating syngas as a part of two-stage gasification technology developed in-house to handle high-ash coal. Controlled experiments in a small-scale packed bed reactor are used to arrive at the dependence of char reactivity using parametric studies like the evolution of temperature, gas composition, flow rate, and carbon conversion rate with time and are compared for different particle sizes. The volume percentages of CO, CO2, CH4 and H2 were 7, 26, 1, and 66, respectively, in steam char experiments, over a particle size range from 1 mm to 4 mm. If the CO2 is separated, the H2 volume percentage reaches 90. In small-scale experiments, the gas composition for all the particle sizes was invariable; however, the reactivity of small particles is higher than the bigger particles, i.e., 0.5 g/g-hr as against 0.38 g/g-hr for bigger particles due to the transition from diffusion to the kinetic regime, which establishes the suitability of small particles for pilot-scale operations. Finally, the experiments were carried out on pilot-scale char gasification in an oxy-steam environment, and the results were compared with simulated experiments for small-size particles. The consequences of adding oxygen with steam to keep the system auto-thermal are discussed. In the pilot scale under oxy-steam conditions, the volumetric concentrations of CO, CO2, CH4 and H2 were 10.8, 39.9, 4.7, and 44.6 , respectively. In contrast, the reactivity increased from 0.46 to 0.90 g/g-hr with a decrease in the calorific value of gas from 9.7 to 8.6 MJ/Nm3. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Fuel
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Carbon dioxide; Coal; Gasification; Packed beds; Particle size, CH 4; Char gasification; Char reactivity; Gas compositions; High-ash coals; Pilot scale; Small particles; Steam gasification; Two-stage gasification; Volume percentage, Steam
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2023 06:11
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2023 06:11
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81140

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