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Highly Efficient CO Oxidation on Atomically Thin Pt Plates Supported on Irreducible Si 7 × 7

Ahmad, R and Yasumatsu, H and Singh, AK (2022) Highly Efficient CO Oxidation on Atomically Thin Pt Plates Supported on Irreducible Si 7 × 7. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.2c08106


Electronic interaction between metal nanoparticles and irreducible supports is an important aspect of heterogeneous catalysis due to its capability of controlling the associated catalytic performance. We elucidate the relationship between metal-support electronic interactions and catalytic activity on size-selected singe layered platinum plates Ptn (n = 10, 20, 30, and 45) supported on a Si (111)-7 × 7 reconstructed surface (Si-RS). Our first-principles density functional theory study shows that CO oxidation catalysis over Pt supported on the nonreducible Si-RS is affected by variations in charge transfer, cluster size, and electronic interactions between clusters and support. CO adsorbs on Ptn adsorption sites in two distinct ranges of adsorption energies, which explains the experimentally observed two different desorption temperatures of CO. Pt30/Si-RS is more active than other Ptn/Si-RS under the same conditions, showing markedly enhanced catalytic activity in terms of high turnover frequency of CO2 production. This superior activity originates from the optimum CO and O2 adsorption on Pt30 arising from the position of the d-band center being midway between their π orbitals. Experimental observations convey that the TOFs of CO2 production on Pt30(45)/Si-RS are very high, and these are tolerant to CO poisoning between 450 and 550 K. DFT computations of TOF on Pt30(45)/Si-RS for CO2 validate the experimentally observed trends at 350, 450, and 550 K and exhibit that the CO oxidation activity exceeds that of the conventional catalysts between 450 and 550 K. Our results depict the importance of size control and electronic structure tailoring while designing Pt-based catalysts and will motivate the effective utilization of rare elements on irreducible substrates. © 2023 American Chemical Society.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Keywords: Adsorption; Catalysis; Catalyst activity; Charge transfer; Density functional theory; Electronic structure; Metal nanoparticles; Oxidation; Plates (structural components); Platinum; Silicon compounds; Substrates, Capability of controlling; Catalytic performance; Density functional theory studies; Electronic interactions; First-principle density-functional theories; Metal-supports; Oxidation catalysis; Reconstructed surfaces; Si(1 1 1)-7 � 7; Si(111)7�7, Carbon dioxide
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2023 09:58
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2023 09:58
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/81037

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