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Study of Shallow Soil Deposit in East Coast of India by SPT, MASW, and Crosshole Tests

Kumar, A and Panjamani, A and Kumar, R and Lenin, KR (2023) Study of Shallow Soil Deposit in East Coast of India by SPT, MASW, and Crosshole Tests. In: Indian Geotechnical Conference, IGC 2021, 16 - 18 December 2021, Trichy, 391 – 404.

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Official URL: https://10.1007/978-981-19-6998-0_33


In this study, a geophysical investigation is performed in the coastal city of Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu, India, at a location approximately 1.5 km west of the east coast. Standard penetration test along with hammer energy measurement was performed for sample collection and topographic identification. Later, Crosshole (CHT) and Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) tests were conducted to obtain the distribution of shear (S-) wave velocities in the shallow subsurface. The S-wave velocity (VS) profiles were coherent with the borelog showing the gradual increase in the velocity values from gravelly silty sand at the top to weathered limestone at the bottom of boreholes. However, VS profiles obtained from CHT showed higher values than those obtained from MASW. These data was subsequently used in liquefaction potential estimation of shallow subsurface layers, which is predominantly silty sand submerged under shallow groundwater. It was observed from analysis using SPT data that the subsurface soil is liquefiable at the peak acceleration of 0.2 g. However, the same observation was not prominent when evaluated using VS. Thus, a more detailed survey to establish the liquefaction susceptibility of the subsurface is needed. This study highlights the importance of carrying out multiple tests to interpret geotechnical site conditions more accurately, which is not possible to obtain using only one type of test. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publication: Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Additional Information: The copyright of this article belongs to Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH.
Keywords: Acceleration; Acoustic wave velocity; Groundwater; Lime; Sand; Shear flow; Shear waves; Soil liquefaction; Soil testing; Surface waves; East coast of india; In-situ testing; Multi-channel analysis of surface waves; S-wave velocity; Shallow soils; Shallow subsurface; Shear wave velocity; Silty sands; Soil deposits; Wave test; Wave propagation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2023 07:15
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2023 07:15
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80944

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