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Exploiting Correlation with Wideband CQI and Making Differential Feedback Overhead Flexible in 4G/5G OFDM Systems

Kumar, V and Mehta, NB (2021) Exploiting Correlation with Wideband CQI and Making Differential Feedback Overhead Flexible in 4G/5G OFDM Systems. In: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 20 (4). pp. 2579-2591.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/TWC.2020.3043299


Differential channel quality indicator (CQI) and wideband CQI are key components of the reduced feedback schemes employed in the 5G New Radio (NR) and 4G Long Term Evolution (LTE) standards. They enable a base station (BS) to acquire channel state information that is essential for rate adaptation and frequency-domain scheduling without overwhelming the uplink. We present a novel throughput-optimal rate adaptation rule that exploits the correlation between the differential and wideband CQIs to improve throughput without any additional feedback. It also shows that the prevalent conventional method that adds the two CQIs is sub-optimal. We then propose a novel flexible-overhead differential CQI feedback scheme, in which the number of bits for differential CQI can be different across the subbands. This provides a new flexibility to the BS to control the feedback overhead. It differs from the current rigid parameterization, in which a user always feeds back a 2-bit differential CQI for each subband. In various single-user and multi-user deployment scenarios involving small-scale fading, large-scale shadowing, and co-channel interference, the proposed approach achieves nearly the same throughput as the feedback scheme employed in 5G and LTE, but with much less overhead.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Keywords: 4G mobile communication systems; 5G mobile communication systems; Channel state information; Fading (radio); Feedback; Frequency domain analysis; Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing, Conventional methods; Deployment scenarios; Differential channels; Differential feedbacks; Feedback overhead; Frequency-domain scheduling; Small-scale fading; Throughput-optimal, Long Term Evolution (LTE)
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2023 09:40
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2023 09:40
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80612

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