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Dielectric Profile and Electromelting of a Monolayer of Water Confined in Graphene Slit Pore

Majumdar, J and Moid, M and Dasgupta, C and Maiti, PK (2021) Dielectric Profile and Electromelting of a Monolayer of Water Confined in Graphene Slit Pore. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 125 (24). pp. 6670-6680.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.1c02266


A monolayer of water confined between two parallel graphene sheets exists in many different phases and exhibits fascinating dielectric properties that have been studied in experiments. In this work, we use molecular dynamics simulations to study how the dielectric properties of a confined monolayer of water is affected by its structure. We consider six of the popular nonpolarizable water models—SPC/E, SPC/Fw, TIP3P, TIP3P_M (modified), TIP4P-2005, and TIP4P-2005f—and find that the in-plane structure of the water molecules at ambient temperature and pressure is strongly dependent on the water model: all the 3-point water models considered here show square ice formation, whereas no such structural ordering is observed for the 4-point water models. This allows us to investigate the role of the in-plane structure of the water monolayer on its dielectric profile. Our simulations show an anomalous perpendicular dielectric constant compared to the bulk, and the models that do not exhibit ice formation show very different dielectric response along the channel width compared to models that exhibit square ice formation. We also demonstrate the occurrence of electromelting of the in-plane ordered water under the application of a perpendicular electric field and find that the critical field for electromelting strongly depends on the water model. Together, we have shown the dependence of confined water properties on the different water structures that it may take when sandwiched between bilayer graphene. These remarkable properties of confined water can be exploited in various nanofluidic devices, artificial ion channels, and molecular sieving.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Keywords: Confined flow; Dielectric properties; Electric fields; Graphene; Ice; Molecular dynamics; Molecules; Monolayers; Nanofluidics, Dielectric profiles; Dielectric response; In-plane structures; Molecular dynamics simulations; Molecular sieving; Nano-fluidic devices; Structural ordering; Temperature and pressures, Structural properties, graphite; water, electricity; molecular dynamics, Electricity; Graphite; Molecular Dynamics Simulation; Water
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2023 07:47
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2023 07:47
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80602

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