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Role of paleoclimatic and paleohydrological processes in lineage divergence in freshwater organisms: A snippet from lentic genus Pila

Sil, M and Roy, A and Bhat, HNP and Palden, T and Karanth, KP and Aravind, NA (2023) Role of paleoclimatic and paleohydrological processes in lineage divergence in freshwater organisms: A snippet from lentic genus Pila. In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 181 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2023.107723


The Indian subcontinent is extremely diverse in terms of its flora and fauna. However, only a handful of studies have aimed to understand the diversity of freshwater invertebrates using multiple lines of evidence in recent times. Here we aimed to estimate the cryptic diversity of two widespread freshwater snail species within the genus Pila (Röding, 1798) and uncover the processes behind lineage diversification in these species. We sequenced mitochondrial and nuclear markers from a comprehensive sampling of specimens from different river basins in India. We implemented an integrative taxonomy approach to delimit the lineages in these groups, employing phylogenetic, geometric morphometric and niche modelling-based methods. Then, we investigated the drivers of lineage divergence in these species using population genetic tools in conjunction with divergence time estimation. We found that both species consist of several genetically and ecologically distinct lineages. The genetic data showed that several of these lineages are restricted to a single or a few river basins. The divergence time estimation analyses indicated that the time frame of divergence within the species coincided with paleohydrological and paleoclimatic events in the Miocene. The diversification was primarily driven by allopatric isolation into different river basins. To conclude, the study sheds light on the complex interaction between the habitat preference of the species and the environment in shaping the diversification patterns in this group.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Publisher: Academic Press Inc.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Academic Press Inc.
Keywords: Allopatric divergence; Freshwater snail; Integrative taxonomy; Miocene; River basin; River capture
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2023 03:21
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2023 03:21
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80540

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