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Superiority of graphite coated metallic-nanoparticles over graphite coated insulating-nanoparticles for enhancing EMI shielding

Choudhary, HK and Kumar, R and Pawar, SP and Sundararaj, U and Sahoo, B (2021) Superiority of graphite coated metallic-nanoparticles over graphite coated insulating-nanoparticles for enhancing EMI shielding. In: New Journal of Chemistry, 45 (10). pp. 4592-4600.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1039/d0nj06231f


In this work, we have used a single-step pyrolysis method in synthesizing carbonaceous materials at 800 °C and 1000 °C, using metal (Ni- or Mn-) acetylacetonate and toluene as precursors. We demonstrated that the pyrolysis synthesis temperature (TP) and the choice of organometallic precursors affect the morphology and the microstructure of the carbonaceous materials. Namely, at low temperature (800 °C), the Ni(acac)2precursor leads to the formation of metallic-Ni catalysts for the growth of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), but at high temperature (1000 °C) this favors the growth of carbon globules (CG). In contrast, the Mn-(acac)2precursor leads to the formation of MnO-particles, and associated carbon globules at both the temperatures used. The electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness (SE) of the PVDF polymer based composite specimens prepared with the carbonaceous samples having a metallic Ni-core is found to be far superior than that obtained using the specimen with particles of the MnO-core. The observed contrast in SE behavior is shown to originate due to the size and metallic nature of the Ni-nanoparticles and the Ohmic conduction loss in these metallic particles over the loss due to interfacial polarization-based scattering of the insulating MnO nanoparticles present in the PVDF-based composite films. Hence, our study highlights the necessary synthesis parameters, and the importance of graphite coated metallic nanoparticles in designing highly efficient EMI shields. © The Royal Society of Chemistry and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 2021.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: New Journal of Chemistry
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
Keywords: Carbon nanotubes; Electromagnetic pulse; Electromagnetic shielding; Graphite; Manganese oxide; Metals; Morphology; Nanoparticles; Nickel compounds; Organometallics; Oxide minerals; Pyrolysis; Shielding; Synthesis (chemical); Temperature, Carbonaceous materials; Interfacial polarization; Organometallic precursors; Polymer based composite; Shielding effectiveness; Single-step pyrolysis; Synthesis parameters; Synthesis temperatures, Nanocomposite films, carbon nanotube; graphite; nanocomposite; nickel nanoparticle; organometallic compound; polyvinylidene fluoride, absorption parameters; Article; catalyst; chemical parameters; chemical structure; coating (procedure); decomposition; electromagnetism; field emission scanning electron microscopy; polarization; precursor; priority journal; pyrolysis; Raman spectrometry; reaction temperature; scanning electron microscopy; synthesis; temperature; thermogravimetry; transmission electron microscopy; X ray powder diffraction
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2023 04:56
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2023 04:56
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80447

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