ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Glacial changes over the Himalayan Beas basin under global warming

Dixit, A and Sahany, S and Kulkarni, AV (2021) Glacial changes over the Himalayan Beas basin under global warming. In: Journal of Environmental Management, 295 .

[img] PDF
jou_env_man_295_2021.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (8MB) | Request a copy
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113101


We simulated and analyzed the glacier dynamics over the Beas basin (situated in the north-western Himalayas) for the present (1980–2015) and future climates (2006–2100) under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 global warming scenarios. We first calibrated the Open Global Glacier Model over the study region and then conducted simulations for the present (forced by ERA-Interim) and future (forced by CMIP5 models) climates. For the present climate, the model simulations show that 50% of the total glacier volume (compared to 1980) is lost by 2011, with glacier area and volume showing a significantly decreasing trend, with higher fluctuations in the glacial area during recent decades. Future projections suggest 75% loss by 2040 ± 2.5 years and ~90% loss by 2094 ± 3.5 years under RCP4.5. Under RCP8.5, 75% loss is expected to occur by 2040 ± 3 years and ~90% loss by 2084 ± 8 years. Ensemble mean of the near-surface air temperature (both monthly mean and annual mean) shows a significantly increasing trend under both RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 for the entire 21st century. Ensemble mean of the total monthly precipitation shows no trend under RCP4.5, however, it shows a decreasing trend for months ODJFMA and an increasing trend for months JJ under RCP8.5. An increase in JJ precipitation does not increase glacier mass since this region does not receive snowfall during these months. Under RCP4.5, snowfall does not show any significant trend during NDJF, however, it shows a decreasing trend during October and March. Under RCP8.5, snowfall shows a significant decreasing trend for October through March. Overall, we find similar melting rates under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 until ~2050, but the latter shows a higher rate afterward. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Environmental Management
Publisher: Academic Press
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Academic Press.
Keywords: air temperature; article; climate change; glacier; greenhouse effect; human; melting point; precipitation; simulation; climate; temperature, Climate; Climate Change; Global Warming; Temperature
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2023 04:46
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2023 04:46
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80420

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item