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pH-dependent hydrogen evolution using spatially confined ruthenium on hollow N-doped carbon nanocages as a Mott-Schottky catalyst

Sarkar, B and Das, D and Nanda, KK (2021) pH-dependent hydrogen evolution using spatially confined ruthenium on hollow N-doped carbon nanocages as a Mott-Schottky catalyst. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 9 (24). pp. 13958-13966.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1039/d1ta02375f


The hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is known to exhibit pH-dependent kinetics that worsens with increasing pH. However, the HER in alkaline media is an integral part of regenerative alkaline fuel cells. Herein, anin situpyrolysis strategy is adopted to obtain Ru decorated hollow N-doped carbon matrix (Ru@NCN) for pH universal HER. The synthetic approach is an advancement over traditional routes that use corrosive etchants like HF to achieve a hollow morphology for the carbon support. Ru@NCN shows superior HER in alkaline and neutral media relative to commercial Pt/C. To reach a current density of 10 mA cm−2, Ru@NCN required overpotentials of 36, 49, and 76 mV in alkaline, acidic, and neutral media, respectively. A correlation between the change in overpotential of Pt/C and Ru@NCN and pH is demonstrated. Additionally, the Mott-Schottky effect is observed at the metal/semiconductor (Ru/N-doped carbon) interface allowing facile electron transfer. It is envisioned that this report will provide a new direction to design hollow carbon nanostructures with an enhanced metal-support synergistic effect beneficial for sustainable energy conversion. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2021.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Materials Chemistry A
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Royal Society of Chemistry.
Keywords: Alkaline fuel cells; Carbon; Doping (additives); Electron transport properties; Energy conversion; Hydrogen; Nanocatalysts; Reaction kinetics; Ruthenium, Alkaline media; Carbon Nanostructures; Electron transfer; Hydrogen evolution; Metal-supports; Sustainable energy; Synergistic effect; Synthetic approach, Alkalinity
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2023 10:12
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2023 10:12
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80372

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