ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Characterization of Some Cichorium Taxa Grown under Mediterranean Climate Using Morphological Traits and Molecular Markers

El-Taher, AM and Elzilal, HA and Abd El-Raouf, HS and Mady, E and Alshallash, KS and Alnefaie, RM and Mahdy, EMB and Ragab, OG and Emam, EA and Alaraidh, IA and Randhir, TO and Ibrahim, MFM (2023) Characterization of Some Cichorium Taxa Grown under Mediterranean Climate Using Morphological Traits and Molecular Markers. In: Plants, 12 (2).

pla_12-2_2023.pdf - Published Version

Download (18MB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants12020388


The verification of taxonomic identities is of the highest significance in the field of biological study and categorization. Morpho-molecular characterization can clarify uncertainties in distinguishing between taxonomic groups. In this study, we characterized five local taxa of the genus Cichorium using morphological and molecular markers for taxonomic authentication and probably future genetic improvement. The five Cichorium taxa grown under the Mediterranean climate using morphological traits and molecular markers showed variations. The examined taxa showed a widespread range of variations in leaf characteristics, i.e., shape, type, texture, margin, and apex and cypsela characteristics i.e., shape, color, and surface pattern. The phylogenetic tree categorized the Cichorium intybus var. intybus and C. intybus var. foliosum in a single group, whereas C. endivia var. endivia was grouped separately. However, C. endivia var. crispum and C. endivia subsp. pumilum were classified as a cluster. The recorded variance between classes using the molecular markers SCoT, ISSR, and RAPD was documented at 34.43, 36.62, and 40.34, respectively. Authentication using molecular tools proved the usefulness of a dichotomous indented key, as revealed by morphological identification. The integrated methodology using morphological and molecular assessment could support improved verification and authentication of the various taxa of chicory. It seems likely that the Egyptian chicory belongs to C. endivia subsp. pumilum. © 2023 by the authors.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Plants
Publisher: MDPI
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to MDPI.
Keywords: chicory; molecular authentication; morphological description; SEM
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2023 05:32
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2023 05:32
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80316

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item