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Plasticity, ligand conformation and enzyme action of Mycobacterium smegmatis MutT1

Raj, P and Karthik, S and Arif, SM and Varshney, U and Vijayan, M (2020) Plasticity, ligand conformation and enzyme action of Mycobacterium smegmatis MutT1. In: Acta Crystallographica Section D: Structural Biology, 76 . pp. 982-992.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1107/S2059798320010992


Mycobacterium smegmatis MutT1 (MsMutT1) is a sanitation enzyme made up of an N-terminal Nudix hydrolase domain and a C-terminal domain resembling a histidine phosphatase. It has been established that the action of MutT1 on 8-oxo-dGTP, 8-oxo-GTP and diadenosine polyphosphates is modulated by intermolecular interactions. In order to further explore this and to elucidate the structural basis of its differential action on 8-oxo-NTPs and unsubstituted NTPs, the crystal structures of complexes of MsMutT1 with 8-oxo-dGTP, GMPPNP and GMPPCP have been determined. Replacement soaking was used in order to ensure that the complexes were isomorphous to one another. Analysis of the structural data led to the elucidation of a relationship between the arrangements of molecules observed in the crystals, molecular plasticity and the action of the enzyme on nucleotides. The dominant mode of arrangement involving a head-to-tail sequence predominantly leads to the generation of NDPs. The other mode of packing arrangement appears to preferentially generate NMPs. This work also provides interesting insights into the dependence of enzyme action on the conformation of the ligand. The possibility of modulating the enzyme action through differences in intermolecular interactions and ligand conformations makes MsMutT1 a versatile enzyme.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Acta Crystallographica Section D: Structural Biology
Publisher: International Union of Crystallography
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to International Union of Crystallography.
Keywords: 8-oxodeoxyguanosine triphosphate; bacterial protein; deoxyguanosine phosphate; inorganic pyrophosphatase; ligand; nudix hydrolases, chemistry; enzyme specificity; enzymology; molecular model; Mycobacterium smegmatis; protein domain; X ray crystallography, Bacterial Proteins; Crystallography, X-Ray; Deoxyguanine Nucleotides; Ligands; Models, Molecular; Mycobacterium smegmatis; Protein Domains; Pyrophosphatases; Substrate Specificity
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2023 10:12
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2023 10:12
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80207

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