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Lightning Prediction Using Electric Field Measurements Associated with Convective Events at a Tropical Location

Jana, S and Chakraborty, R and Maitra, A (2023) Lightning Prediction Using Electric Field Measurements Associated with Convective Events at a Tropical Location. In: Pure and Applied Geophysics .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-023-03229-7


Nowcasting of lightning occurrences is essential in tropical locations as lightening causes severe damage to life and property. This study attempts to nowcast lightning events during convective phenomena using an electric field monitor (EFM) at a tropical urban location, Kolkata (22.65°N, 88.45°E). Before the onset of heavy lightning occurrences, definite changes in the atmospheric electric field (EF) are observed, which in turn are associated with high cloud liquid water content (LWC) and low cloud base height (CBH). A model has been proposed to nowcast lightning strikes within about 17.5 km radius of the present location based on the EF standard deviation (EFSD) values. The proposed technique is tested with the lightning data provided by a collocated lightning detector, which yields a prediction efficiency of ~ 0.91 (~ 0.86), a false alarm rate of ~ 0.23 (~ 0.18), and a critical success index of ~ 0.71 (~ 0.72) with an optimal range of other performance parameters during the monsoon (pre-monsoon) periods, thereby generating an alarm 45 min before lightning events. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Pure and Applied Geophysics
Publisher: Birkhauser
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Atmospheric thermodynamics; Location; Tropics, Atmospheric electric field; Convective events; Electric-field measurement; Lightning strikes; Nowcast; Nowcasting; Property; Tropical location; Tropical thunderstorm; Urban locations, Lightning
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Divecha Centre for Climate Change
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2023 08:27
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2023 08:31
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80151

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