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Investigation of syngas combustion in a novel ultra-low emission 20-kW two-stage combustor

Dolai, A and Badhuk, P and Ravikrishna, RV (2023) Investigation of syngas combustion in a novel ultra-low emission 20-kW two-stage combustor. In: Fuel, 340 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2023.127497


Two-stage rich-catalytic lean-swirl combustion is investigated in a 20-kW combustor using biomass-derived syngas as fuel. In the first stage, fuel-rich catalytic combustion of syngas (Фfirst = 4) is investigated using FeCr-alloy monolith and platinum (Pt) as a catalyst. The fuel undergoes partial conversion in the catalytic stage. The remaining unoxidized reactants from the first stage are burnt using additional air in the second stage. The flame is stabilized by two concentric swirling streams in the second stage, where the exhaust from the first stage flows through the inner stream, and the outer stream carries air. By changing the swirl direction of the inner stream, co or counter-swirl flame is established, whereas the overall equivalence ratio is changed by increasing the airflow rate. It is found that the flame topology is significantly different for the co-swirl and counter-swirl configurations. Transitions from a compact ‘M’ shaped flame to a shear-layer stabilized ‘V’-shaped flame is observed by changing the overall equivalence ratio. The combination of planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) and particle image velocimetry (PIV) highlights the differences in the flow field and OH radical distribution, leading to the observed flame shape. The dynamic stability of the combustor is assessed using sound pressure level (decibel) obtained using a microphone and high-speed OH* chemiluminescence. Finally, the CO and NOx concentrations are measured at the combustor exit. The CO emission ranges from 10 ppm to 70 ppm, whereas the NOx emission is negligible in all conditions studied. Thus, the present study successfully demonstrates the feasibility of catalytic and twin-swirl combustion in achieving near-zero emissions while operating with biomass-derived syngas.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Fuel
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Catalytic combustion; Co/counter-swirl; High-speed OH* chemiluminescence; Low calorific value fuel; PIV; PLIF; Syngas
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2023 11:30
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2023 11:30
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80131

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