ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Is the fundamental pathology in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy caused by a failure of glycogenolysis–glycolysis in costameres?

Nesari, V and Balakrishnan, S and Nongthomba, U (2023) Is the fundamental pathology in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy caused by a failure of glycogenolysis–glycolysis in costameres? In: Journal of Genetics, 102 (1).

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12041-022-01410-w


Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common form of progressive childhood muscular dystrophy associated with weakness of limbs, loss of ambulation, heart weakness and early death. The mutations causing either loss-of-expression or function of the full-length protein dystrophin (Dp427) from the DMD gene are responsible for the disease pathology. Dp427 forms a part of the large dystroglycan complex, called DAPC, in the sarcolemma, and its absence derails muscle contraction. Muscle biopsies from DMD patients show an overactivation of excitation-contraction-coupling (ECC) activable calcium incursion, sarcolemmal ROS production, NHE1 activation, IL6 secretion, etc. The signalling pathways, like Akt/PBK, STAT3, p38MAPK, and ERK1/2, are also hyperactive in DMD. These pathways are responsible for post-mitotic trophic growth and metabolic adaptation, in response to exercise in healthy muscles, but cause atrophy and cell death in dystrophic muscles. We hypothesize that the metabolic background of repressed glycolysis in DMD, as opposed to excess glycolysis seen in cancers or healthy contracting muscles, changes the outcome of these ‘growth pathways’. The reduced glycolysis has been considered a secondary outcome of the cytoskeletal disruptions seen in DMD. Given the cytoskeleton-crosslinking ability of the glycolytic enzymes, we hypothesize that the failure of glycogenolytic and glycolytic enzymes to congregate is the primary pathology, which then affects the subsarcolemmal cytoskeletal organization in costameres and initiates the pathophysiology associated with DMD, giving rise to the tissue-specific differences in disease progression between muscle, heart and brain. The lacunae in the regulation of the key components of the hypothesized metabolome, and the limitations of this theory are deliberated. The considerations for developing future therapies based on known pathological processes are also discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Genetics
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Duchenne muscular dystrophy; glycolysis; metabolism; muscle; therapeutic interventions
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Reproduction, Development & Genetics
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2023 11:29
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2023 11:29
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/80130

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item