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Systems thinking to combat malaria: A literature review of building blocks

Jha, S and Gurtoo, A (2022) Systems thinking to combat malaria: A literature review of building blocks. [Book Chapter]

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198799498.003.0024


A systems-thinking approach studies structures through their constituent parts and the interconnections between them. It forms a powerful strategy for designing and evaluating disease interventions and their effects on health systems. In this chapter, we review literature on malaria interventions and malaria frameworks to understand their role in shaping health systems using systems thinking. Malarial interventions are categorized using the six defined building blocks in the World Health Organization (WHO) health systems framework: namely service delivery, workforce, information systems, financing, access to medical technologies, and leadership and governance. Other anti-malaria frameworks are compared to the WHO framework. Analysis demonstrates many interventions target one or more of the six aforementioned subsystems. A close relationship exists between various building blocks, and hence there is a strong argument for anti-malaria interventions to change from being “vertical”, that is, separated from other parts of a health system, to being diagonal, or more integrated.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publication: Systems Thinking for Global Health: How can systems-thinking contribute to solving key challenges in Global Health?
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Oxford University Press.
Keywords: malaria, vector-borne diseases, review, systems integration, health system, systems thinking
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Management Studies
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Society and Policy (formerly: Centre for Contemporary Studies)
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2023 10:39
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2023 10:39
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/79791

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