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A Concise History of the Internet—II

Rajaraman, V (2022) A Concise History of the Internet—II. In: Resonance, 27 (12). pp. 2045-2068.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12045-022-1505-0


In this part, I describe how CSNET started in 1981 with funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) of the US government and the formation of the Merit network and BIT-NET. Following this, I discuss the formation of the NSFnet in 1986 connecting the supercomputer centres set up by the NSF in the US and its expansion by connecting it to the ARPANET, CSNET, Merit, and regional networks. I then trace the steady improvement of the speed of the NSF net and its gradual privatization and the emergence of the worldwide Internet. I then describe the evolution of the Domain Name System and the consequences of the rapid expansion of the Internet. The article concludes with issues of governance of the Internet which has now become an essential infrastructure of our World. © 2022, Indian Academy of Sciences.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Resonance
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: BITNET; CSNET; domain name system; ERNET; ICANN; internet governance; merit network; NSFnet
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Supercomputer Education & Research Centre
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2023 05:26
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2023 05:26
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/79550

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