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Influence of Geometric Parameters for a 100 kW Inward Flow Radial Supercritical CO2 Turbine

Hoque, SJ and Kumar, P and Gopi, PC (2023) Influence of Geometric Parameters for a 100 kW Inward Flow Radial Supercritical CO2 Turbine. In: Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 145 (1).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4055714


Highly compact and efficient design makes inward flow radial (IFR) turbine a preferred choice for kilowatt scale supercritical CO2 (sCO2) power blocks. The influence of geometric design parameters on sCO2 turbine performance differs from gas turbines because of their small size, high rotational speeds, and lower viscous losses. The paper presents a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study for a 100 kW IFR turbine to arrive at optimal geometric design parameters—axial length, outlet-to-inlet radius ratio, number of rotor blades, and velocity ratio, and understand their influence on the turbine’s performance. The results are compared with well-established gas turbine correlations in the specific speed range of 0.2 to 0.8 to understand the implications on sCO2 IFR turbines. The analysis shows significant variations in the optimal values of design parameters when compared with gas turbines. It is found that sCO2 turbines require fewer blades and higher velocity ratios for optimal performance. The maximum turbine efficiency (~82%) is achieved at a lower specific speed of ~0.4 compared to a gas turbine with specific speed varying between 0.55 and 0.65. Additionally, higher negative incidence angles in the range of -50 deg to -55 deg are required at high specific speeds to counter the Coriolis effect in the rotor passage. The paper presents the variation of stator, rotor, and exit kinetic energy losses with specific speeds. The cumulative losses are found to be minimum at the specific speed of ~0.4. Copyright © 2023 by ASME.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power
Publisher: American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
Keywords: Carbon dioxide; Computational fluid dynamics; Energy dissipation; Gases; Geometry; Kinetic energy; Kinetics; Turbine components; Turbomachine blades, Coriolis effect; Meanline design; Ns�Ds diagram; Radial turbine loss; Radial turbines; Radii ratio; S-diagram; Specific speed; Supercritical CO 2; Velocity ratio, Gas turbines
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Interdisciplinary Centre for Energy Research
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2023 04:10
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2023 04:10
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/79181

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