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An agent-based fleet management model for first- and last-mile services

Bhatnagar, S and Rambha, T and Ramadurai, G (2022) An agent-based fleet management model for first- and last-mile services. In: Transportation .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11116-022-10363-z


With the growth of cars and car-sharing applications, commuters in many cities, particularly developing countries, are shifting away from public transport. These shifts have affected two key stakeholders: transit operators and first- and last-mile (FLM) services. Although most cities continue to invest heavily in bus and metro projects to make public transit attractive, ridership in these systems has often failed to reach targeted levels. FLM service providers also experience lower demand and revenues in the wake of shifts to other means of transport. Effective FLM options are required to prevent this phenomenon and make public transport attractive for commuters. One possible solution is to forge partnerships between public transport and FLM providers that offer competitive joint mobility options. Such solutions require prudent allocation of supply and optimised strategies for FLM operations and ride-sharing. To this end, we build an agent- and event-based simulation model which captures interactions between passengers and FLM services using statecharts, vehicle routing models, and other trip matching rules. An optimisation model for allocating FLM vehicles at different transit stations is proposed to reduce unserved requests. Using real-world metro transit demand data from Bengaluru, India, the effectiveness of our approach in improving FLM connectivity and quantifying the benefits of sharing trips is demonstrated. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Transportation
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Autonomous agents; Computational methods; Fleet operations; Vehicle routing, Agent based; Agent-based model; First mile; First- and last-mile service; Fleet management; Last mile; Multimodal transport; Public transit; Public transport; Shared mobility, Developing countries
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Center for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning (CiSTUP)
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2023 10:43
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2023 10:43
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/79163

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