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Stability of fluid flow in a flexible tube to non-axisymmetric disturbances

Shankar, V and Kumaran, V (2000) Stability of fluid flow in a flexible tube to non-axisymmetric disturbances. In: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 407 . pp. 291-314.

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The stability of fluid flow in a flexible tube to non-axisymmetric perturbations is analysed in this paper. In the first part of the paper, the equivalents of classical theorems of hydrodynamic stability are derived for inviscid flow in a flexible tube subjected to arbitrary non-axisymmetric disturbances. Perturbations of the form $v_i$ = $v_i$ exp $[ik(x − ct) + in\theta]$ are imposed on a steady axisymmetric mean flow U(r) in a flexible tube, and the stability of mean flow velocity profiles and bounds for the phase velocity of the unstable modes are determined for arbitrary values of azimuthal wavenumber n. Here $r; \theta$ and x are respectively the radial, azimuthal and axial coordinates, and k and c are the axial wavenumber and phase velocity of disturbances. The flexible wall is represented by a standard constitutive relation which contains inertial, elastic and dissipative terms. The general results indicate that the fluid flow in a flexible tube is stable in the inviscid limit if the quantity $UdG=dr\geq 0,$ and could be unstable for $UdG=dr < 0, where G = rU '/=(n^2 k^2r^2)$.For the case of Hagen-Poiseuille flow, the general result implies that the flow is stable to axisymmetric disturbances (n=0),but could be unstable to non-axisymmetric disturbances with any non-zero azimuthal wavenumber $(n\neq 0)$. This is in marked contrast to plane parallel flows where two-dimensional disturbances are always more unstable than three-dimensional ones (Squire theorem). Some new bounds are derived which place restrictions on the real and imaginary parts of the phase velocity for arbitrary non-axisymmetric disturbances. In the second part of this paper,the etability of the Hagen-Poiseuille flow in a flexible tube to non-axisymmetric disturbances is analysed in the high Reynolds number regime. An asymptotic analysis reveals that the Hagen-Poiseuille flow in a flexible tube is unstable to non-axisymmetric disturbances even in the inviscid limit,and this agrees with the general results derived in this paper. The asymptotic results are extended numerically to the moderate Reynolds number regime. The numerical results reveal that the critical Reynolds number obtained for inviscid instability to non-axisymmetric disturbances is much lower than the critical Reynolds numbers obtained in the previous studies for viscous instability to axisymmetric disturbances when the dimensionless parameter ${\Sigma}= pGR^2/{n^2}$ is large. Here G is the shear modulus of the elastic medium, p is the density of the fluid, R is the radius of the tube and n is the viscosity of the fluid. The viscosity of the wall medium is found to have a stabilizing eect on this instability.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Cambridge University Press.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2006
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:30
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/7907

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