Sarkar, S and Jog, CJ (2020) Vertical stellar density distribution in a nonisothermal galactic disc. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 499 (2). pp. 25232533.

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Abstract
The vertical density distribution of stars in a galactic disc is traditionally obtained by assuming an isothermal vertical velocity dispersion of stars. Recent observations from SDSS, LAMOST, RAVE, Gaia etc. show that this dispersion increases with height from the midplane. Here, we study the dynamical effect of such nonisothermal dispersion on the selfconsistent vertical density distribution for the thin disc stars in the Galaxy, obtained by solving together the Poisson equation and the equation of hydrostatic equilibrium. We find that in the nonisothermal case the midplane density is lower and the scale height is higher than the corresponding values for the isothermal distribution, due to higher vertical pressure, hence the distribution is vertically more extended. The change is ∼ 35 rm per at the solar radius for a starsalone disc for the typical observed linear gradient of +6.7 km s1 kpc1 and becomes even higher with increasing radii and increasing gradients explored. The distribution shows a wing at high z, in agreement with observations, and is fitted well by a double sech2, which could be misinterpreted as the existence of a second, thicker disc, specially in external galaxies. We also consider a more realistic disc consisting of gravitationally coupled stars and gas in the field of dark matter halo. The results show the same trend but the effect of nonisothermal dispersion is reduced due to the opposite, constraining effect of the gas and halo gravity. Further, the nonisothermal dispersion lowers the theoretical estimate of the total midplane density i.e. Oort limit value, by 16 per cent. © 2020 The Author(s).
Item Type:  Journal Article 

Publication:  Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 
Publisher:  Oxford University Press 
Additional Information:  The copyright for this article belongs to the Author(s). 
Keywords:  Dispersions; Galaxies; Gravitation; Isotherms; Poisson distribution; Poisson equation, Density distributions; Galactic disks; Galaxies: Kinematics and dynamics; Galaxies:structure; Galaxy: disks; Nonisothermal; Solar neighbourhood; Stellar density; Velocity dispersion; Vertical velocity, Stars 
Department/Centre:  Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics 
Date Deposited:  10 Jan 2023 05:28 
Last Modified:  10 Jan 2023 05:28 
URI:  https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/78978 
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