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Multifractal characterization of meteorological drought in India using detrended fluctuation analysis

Adarsh, S and Kumar, DN and Deepthi, B and Gayathri, G and Aswathy, SS and Bhagyasree, S (2019) Multifractal characterization of meteorological drought in India using detrended fluctuation analysis. In: International Journal of Climatology, 39 (11). pp. 4234-4255.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.6070


This study presents multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MF-DFA) to describe the multifractality of Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) series from 30 meteorological subdivisions of India estimated at different aggregation timescales (3, 6 and 12 months) based on long-term monthly rainfall data sets of 1871–2016 period. The plots of fluctuation function and generalized Hurst exponents confirmed that multifractality is evident in most of the SPI series; however, it is found that its strength and persistency differ with timescale and space. The Hurst exponents of long-term (SPI-12) and medium-term (SPI-6) drought series of all subdivisions showed long-term persistence irrespective of the climatic conditions of the region, while the short-term droughts (SPI-3) of six subdivisions displayed short-term persistence. Further, the analysis by partitioning the data to four time spells: 1871–1905, 1906–1940, 1941–1975 and 1976–2016 showed that the persistency of long- and medium-term drought is rather permanent. The analysis on changes in multifractal properties with respect to the climatic shift of 1976/1977 period showed that there is a clear increase in multifractal properties of all types of drought series in the recent past (post-1976 period). This study also finds that the Hurst exponents and degree of multifractality of all types of droughts increase with increase in aggregation timescales. The multifractality of all the long-term drought series (SPI-12) and most of the SPI-6 series are found to be due to correlation properties, while that of SPI-3 is because of joint effect of correlation properties and the broadness of probability distribution.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Journal of Climatology
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Keywords: Fractals; Probability distributions, Climate shifts; Detrended fluctuation analysis; Generalized Hurst exponent; Multi fractals; Multifractal characterization; Multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis; scale; Standardized precipitation index, Drought, climate variation; correlation; data set; drought; fractal analysis; precipitation intensity; probability; rainfall; regional climate; temporal variation; timescale, India
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2023 05:43
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2023 05:43
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/78856

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