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Fast Adaptive Bilateral Filtering of Color Images

Gavaskar, RG and Chaudhury, KN (2019) Fast Adaptive Bilateral Filtering of Color Images. In: 26th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP 2019, 22 - 25 September 2019, Taipei, pp. 180-184.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICIP.2019.8802987


The bilateral filter is popularly used for image enhancement. By using a range kernel along with a spatial kernel, the filter is able to smooth images without excessive blurring of edges. It has been shown that the enhancement capacity of the filter can be boosted by adapting the width of the range kernel at each pixel. A fast algorithm for grayscale images was recently proposed for this so-called adaptive bilateral filter, which is otherwise computationally expensive. This can trivially be extended for color filtering using channelwise processing. However, developing an efficient algorithm that can exploit correlations between color channels is not straightforward. We show that such a fast algorithm can be developed by first expressing the filtering in terms of the local histogram and then approximating the latter by an uniform distribution. The distribution in question is along the direction of maximum variance in the RGB space, which we compute from the local covariance (this is done efficiently using power iterations). The local covariances in turn are computed using fast convolutions. To demonstrate the effectiveness of our fast algorithm, we apply it for sharpening, detail enhancement, and deblocking. © 2019 IEEE.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publication: Proceedings - International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP
Publisher: IEEE Computer Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to IEEE Computer Society.
Keywords: bilateral filter; color processing; covariance; fast algorithm; histogram
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2023 07:14
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2023 07:14
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/78817

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