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Neuromorphic vision: From sensors to event-based algorithms

Lakshmi, A and Chakraborty, A and Thakur, CS (2019) Neuromorphic vision: From sensors to event-based algorithms. In: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, 9 (4).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/widm.1310


Regardless of the marvels brought by the conventional frame-based cameras, they have significant drawbacks due to their redundancy in data and temporal latency. This causes problem in applications where low-latency transmission and high-speed processing are mandatory. Proceeding along this line of thought, the neurobiological principles of the biological retina have been adapted to accomplish data sparsity and high dynamic range at the pixel level. These bio-inspired neuromorphic vision sensors alleviate the more serious bottleneck of data redundancy by responding to changes in illumination rather than to illumination itself. This paper reviews in brief one such representative of neuromorphic sensors, the activity-driven event-based vision sensor, which mimics human eyes. Spatio-temporal encoding of event data permits incorporation of time correlation in addition to spatial correlation in vision processing, which enables more robustness. Henceforth, the conventional vision algorithms have to be reformulated to adapt to this new generation vision sensor data. It involves design of algorithms for sparse, asynchronous, and accurately timed information. Theories and new researches have begun emerging recently in the domain of event-based vision. The necessity to compile the vision research carried out in this sensor domain has turned out to be considerably more essential. Towards this, this paper reviews the state-of-the-art event-based vision algorithms by categorizing them into three major vision applications, object detection/recognition, object tracking, localization and mapping. This article is categorized under: Technologies > Machine Learning. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Wiley-Blackwell
Keywords: Artificial intelligence; High speed cameras; Learning systems; Mapping; Object detection; Redundancy; Surface discharges, Event based vision sensors; High-speed processing; Localization and mappings; Low-latency transmission; Neuromorphic vision sensors; Neuromorphic visions; Silicon retina; Spatial correlations, Object recognition
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electronic Systems Engineering (Formerly Centre for Electronic Design & Technology)
Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Computational and Data Sciences
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2022 06:16
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2022 06:16
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/78515

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