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Embodied and operational energy of rural dwellings in India

Praseeda, KI and Venkatarama Reddy, BV and Mani, M (2019) Embodied and operational energy of rural dwellings in India. In: International Journal of Sustainable Energy, 38 (3). pp. 227-237.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/14786451.2017.1418742


On a global scale, buildings are responsible for significant energy consumption. While the energy intake of urban buildings has been studied well, there are barely any studies on rural dwellings. The current paper examines the embodied energy (EE), operational energy (OE) and life-cycle energy (LCE) of 27 rural dwellings spread across four climate zones of India. It is found that these rural dwellings use locally available least-processed natural materials with very low EE. However, with the advent of modern transportation, manufactured energy-intensive construction materials have reached rural areas. From the analysis it is seen that the EE ranges from 0.002 to 2.8 GJ/m 2 , the annual OE from 0.006 to 0.053 GJ/m 2 and the LCE from 0.77 to 4.05 GJ/m 2 for the rural dwellings studied, with mass ranging from 1.13 to 3.6 t/m 2 .

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Journal of Sustainable Energy
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Ltd
Keywords: Building materials; Energy utilization; Housing; Life cycle; Materials handling, Embodied energy; Energy intake; Global scale; Life cycle energies; Natural materials; Operational energy; Urban buildings, Rural areas, alternative energy; annual variation; consumption behavior; energy use; life cycle analysis; rural energy, India
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2022 08:21
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2022 08:21
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/78367

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