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Interlocked Dithi-Magnetospheres–Decorated MoS2 Nanosheets as Molecular Sieves and Traps for Heavy Metal Ions

Samantaray, PK and Baloda, S and Madras, G and Bose, S (2019) Interlocked Dithi-Magnetospheres–Decorated MoS2 Nanosheets as Molecular Sieves and Traps for Heavy Metal Ions. In: Advanced Sustainable Systems, 3 (6).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/adsu.201800153


Water remediation at minimal cost is the need of the day, as freshwater aquifers are declining at an alarming rate. To address this challenge, composite membranes is herein developed using a unique reversible addition– fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT)-synthesized copolymer as the active surface layer, a commercial reverse osmosis (RO) membrane serving as the support layer, and foamy molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheets decorated with dithi-magnetospheres acting as the interlayer. This strategy is adopted because the commercial RO membrane is effective toward desalination but is susceptible to fouling and biofilm The foamy interlayer MoS2 nanosheets decorated with dithi-magnetospheres in the composite membranes minimize the additional resistance, both in terms of flow and also facilitate reversible action toward heavy metal removal. Further, the composite membranes exhibit a 7-log reduction in bacterial colonies for both gram-positive and gram-negative strains. A stringent and targeted action is also observed in terms of intracellular reactive oxygen species generation. In addition, excellent reversible antifouling with 98.5% flux retention ratio is observed. The average lead (II) removal at 50 ppm is 95.3% and the average arsenic (III) removal at 50 ppm is observed to be 96%. Thus, these membranes could be the next generation to advance sustainable systems for water remediation.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Advanced Sustainable Systems
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Keywords: Atom transfer radical polymerization; Composite membranes; Desalination; Dimethylformamide; Heavy metals; Ion exchange; Layered semiconductors; Lead compounds; Metal ions; Molybdenum compounds; Redox reactions; Water filtration, Antibacterials; Heavy metal ion; Minimal cost; MoS2 decorated with dithi-magnetosphere; Reverse osmosis membrane; Reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization; Sandwich composite membrane; Sandwich composites; Tandem approach; Water remediation, Sulfur compounds
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2022 05:50
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2022 05:50
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/78109

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