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Modelling of an Initially-retracting Electrothermal Microactuator

Yadav, D and Ananthasuresh, GK (2019) Modelling of an Initially-retracting Electrothermal Microactuator. In: Book cover Book cover IFToMM World Congress on Mechanism and Machine Science, 14 June 2019, pp. 1609-1618.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-20131-9_159


Electrothermal actuators are preferred in Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) devices when large force and stroke at comparatively lower driving voltages are desired. A generic electrothermal microactuator moves only in one direction that depends on its geometry and is independent of the polarity of voltage applied across its terminals, unlike electric motors and actuators. There are a few applications where electrothermal actuators are required to actuate in both directions. Towards fulfilling this need, a novel actuator that initially retracts and then moves forward upon application of a rising voltage is presented. It consists of an integrated pair of V-beam or inclined beam electro-thermal actuators, which actuate in opposite directions operating as an antagonistic pair. When the voltage is applied, the actuator moves backward for some time and then moves forward to attain a steady state position, hence the name “initially-retracting actuator”. Desired degree of antagonism can be achieved by varying the geometric parameters such as length, number of inclined beams, and offset for the integrated pair of V-beam actuators. In this paper, we describe the analytical model to design the actuator for desired behavior. Results pertaining to thermal imaging and dynamic response of the actuator are presented for experimental validation of the model.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publication: Mechanisms and Machine Science
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media B.V.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer Science and Business Media B.V.
Keywords: Electrostatic actuators; Infrared imaging; MEMS; Microelectromechanical devices; Terminals (electric), Driving voltages; Electro-thermal actuators; Electro-thermal microactuators; Experimental validations; Inclined beams; Micro electromechanical system (MEMS); Steady state; V-beam actuator, Electric heating
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2022 05:34
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2022 05:34
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/77939

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