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Experimental investigation on the effect of axial gap on performance and unsteady pressure pulsations of low head axial flow hydraulic turbine

Ohiemi, IE and Sun Sheng, Y and Singh, P and Li, Y (2022) Experimental investigation on the effect of axial gap on performance and unsteady pressure pulsations of low head axial flow hydraulic turbine. In: Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, 88 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2022.102255


The stable operation of axial flow turbines (AFTs) in the energy conversion process directly affects their safety and performance. Because of its unstable pressure features, a dynamic analysis of its internal flow characteristics is required. To analyze, evaluate, and compare the pressure variation within the turbine under the base gap (Ƣ = 0.05D) and different axial gaps (Ƣ) of 0.09D, 0.14D, and 0.18D, a reliable measurement approach is required. Pressure sensors were installed on the flow domain of the AFT to measure dynamic pressure pulsation under various Ƣ and running flow conditions. Based on the experimental result, a 28 and 2.8 increase in turbine efficiency was recorded when the Ƣ was increased from 0.05D to 0.09D at 0.8Qd (design flow rate) and 1.0Qd, respectively. Further analysis of the frequency spectra reveals different unsteadiness in the flow structures due to changes in Ƣ which resulted in various excitation signals. A decrease in the Ƣ leads to an increase in pressure pulsation intensity. Consequently, AFT with Ƣ of 0.09D was recommended since it provides maximum efficiency with fewer pulses compared with Ƣ = 0.05D, where the vibrations are at peak value. The findings above will aid in the optimum use of energy resources since energy generated from AFT is clean and free of pollution and can lead to a sustainable energy generation process.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Flow Measurement and Instrumentation
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier Ltd.
Keywords: Axial flow; Energy conversion; Energy resources; Hydraulic motors; Hydraulic turbines; Unsteady flow, Axial flow turbines; Axial gap; Experimental investigations; Frequency domains; Noise; Performance; Pressure pulsation; Unsteady flowfields; Unsteady pressures; Vibration, Frequency domain analysis
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2022 08:53
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 08:53
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/77884

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