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Cloning, Expression and Characterization of Spore Wall Protein 5 (SWP5) of Indian Isolate NIK-1S of Nosema bombycis

Esvaran, VG and Ponnuvel, S and Jagadish, A and Savithri, HS and Subramanya, HS and Ponnuvel, KM (2022) Cloning, Expression and Characterization of Spore Wall Protein 5 (SWP5) of Indian Isolate NIK-1S of Nosema bombycis. In: Protein Journal .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10930-022-10078-1


SWPs are the major virulence component of microsporidian spores. In microsporidia, SWPs can be found either in exospore or endospore to serve as a putative virulence factor for host cell invasion. SWP5 is a vital protein that involves in exospore localization and supports the structural integrity of the spore wall and this action potentially modulates the course of infection in N. bombycis. Here we report recombinant SWP5 purification using Ni-NTA IMAC and SEC. GFC analysis reveals SWP5 to be a monomer which correlates with the predicted theoretical weight and overlaps with ovalbumin peak in the chromatogram. The raised polyclonal anti-SWP5 antibodies was confirmed using blotting and enterokinase cleavage experiments. The resultant fusion SWP5 and SWP5 in infected silkworm samples positively reacts to anti-SWP5 antibodies is shown in ELISA. Immunoassays and Bioinformatic analysis reveal SWP5 is found to be localized on exospore and this action could indicate the probable role of SWP5 in host pathogen interactions during spore germination and its contribution to microsporidian pathogenesis. This study will support development of a field-based diagnostic kit for the detection N. bombycis NIK-1S infecting silkworms. The analysis will also be useful for the formulation of drugs against microsporidia and pebrine disease.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Protein Journal
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent assay; Immunoassays; N. bombycis Indian isolate NIK-1S; Pebrine disease; Polyclonal anti-SWP5 antibodies; SWP5
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2022 06:03
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2022 06:03
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/77830

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