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Personalized quantitative models of NAD metabolism in hepatocellular carcinoma identify a subgroup with poor prognosis

Chedere, A and Mishra, M and Kulkarni, O and Sriraman, S and Chandra, N (2022) Personalized quantitative models of NAD metabolism in hepatocellular carcinoma identify a subgroup with poor prognosis. In: Frontiers in Oncology, 12 .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2022.954512


Cancer cells are known to undergo metabolic adaptation to cater to their enhanced energy demand. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is an essential metabolite regulating many cellular processes within the cell. The enzymes required for NAD synthesis, starting from the base precursor - tryptophan, are expressed in the liver and the kidney, while all other tissues convert NAD from intermediate precursors. The liver, being an active metabolic organ, is a primary contributor to NAD biosynthesis. Inhibition of key enzymes in the NAD biosynthetic pathways is proposed as a strategy for designing anti-cancer drugs. On the other hand, NAD supplementation has also been reported to be beneficial in cancer in some cases. As metabolic adaptation that occurs in cancer cells can lead to perturbations to the pathways, it is important to understand the exact nature of the perturbation in each individual patient. To investigate this, we use a mathematical modelling approach integrated with transcriptomes of patient samples from the TCGA-LIHC cohort. Quantitative profiling of the NAD biosynthesis pathway helps us understand the NAD biosynthetic status and changes in the controlling steps of the pathway. Our results indicate that NAD biosynthesis is heterogeneous among liver cancer patients, and that Nicotinate phosphoribosyl transferase (NAPRT) levels are indicative of the NAD biosynthetic status. Further, we find that reduced NAPRT levels combined with reduced Nicotinamide phosphoribosyl transferase (NAMPT) levels contribute to poor prognosis. Identification of the precise subgroup who may benefit from NAD supplementation in subgroup with low levels of NAPRT and NAMPT could be explored to improve patient outcome.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Frontiers in Oncology
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Author(s).
Keywords: liver cancer; NAD metabolism; NAMPT; NAPRT; pathway model; patient subtyping; precision medicine
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2022 10:02
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2022 10:02
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/77767

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