ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

A baseline quantification of agricultural water use efficiency over Indian region using Geo-LEO satellites

Choudhury, I and Bhattacharya, BK and Eswar, R and Sekhar, M (2019) A baseline quantification of agricultural water use efficiency over Indian region using Geo-LEO satellites. In: 2019 ISPRS-GEOGLAM-ISRS Joint International Workshop on Earth Observations for Agricultural Monitoring, 18 - 20 February 2019, New Delhi, pp. 277-284.

ISPRS_2019.pdf - Published Version

Download (2MB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-3-W6-2...


The agricultural water use efficiency (AWUE) over India was evaluated during 2009-2014 through three steps e.g. productivity mapping using MODIS GPP; consumptive water use (CWU) mapping in terms of evapotranspiration (ET) partioned into green (CWUg; ET streaming from rainfall) and blue (CWUb; ET streaming from irrigation) water; AWUE mapping i.e. the ratio of the seasonal sum of GPP and CWU in terms of green (AWUFg) and blue (AWUFb) water. The CWU was estimated from seasonal sum of crop ET (ETc). ETcwas obtained from composite crop co-efficient from INSAT and corresponding reference ET (ET0), where daily ET0 was estimated using daily solar insolation (Kalpana-1VHRR) and metrological data from Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) variables through data fusion in FAO-56 framework. Monthly effective rainfall (ER) was estimated from daily NOAA CPC rainfall data using USDA SCS method. Actual ET (ETa) was estimated using single-source surface energy balance framework with thermal observations from MODIS and MERRA reanalysis data. The CWUg at seasonal scale was determined using ER, ETa and CWU, whereas CWUb was estimated as the difference between ETa and CWUg followed by estimation of AWUEg and AWUEb. The average AWUEg and AWUEb during kharif and rabi seasons were found to be 1.13 kgCm-3 and 1.25 kgCm-3 respectively with highest share goes to Indo-gangetic plains due to high crop intensification. The arid and semiarid tract showed low AWUE. The baseline assessment of satellite based AWUE at country scale providesa scope for better management of agricultural water with respect to food security.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publication: International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences - ISPRS Archives
Publisher: International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Agriculture; Crops; Data fusion; Food supply; Mapping; Orbits; Radiometers; Rain; Remote sensing; Tantalum compounds; Weather forecasting, Agricultural water; Agricultural water use; Baseline assessment; Crop intensification; Food security; Indo-Gangetic Plains; Water use; Weather research and forecasting, Water supply
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2022 06:17
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2022 06:17
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/77490

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item