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Socio-Demographic Variations in Mode Choice Preferences of Peri-Urban and Urban Areas—A Case Study of Bangalore

Rahul, TM and Verma, A (2023) Socio-Demographic Variations in Mode Choice Preferences of Peri-Urban and Urban Areas—A Case Study of Bangalore. In: 6th International Conference of Transportation Research Group of India, CTRG 2021, 14 - 17 December 2021, Tiruchirappalli, pp. 269-286.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-3494-0_16


Peri-urban regions are located in the fringes of an existing city and are important in the urban transportation planning process of the city. The present research analyzes the differential impact of socio-demographic factors on the travel behavior of urban and a peri-urban areas. Specifically, the current study, at first, performs a descriptive multivariate mode share comparison between motorized two-wheelers and Non-Motorized Transport (NMT). Further, it estimates a mode choice model and a trip distance model to determine the marginal effects of socio-demographic and transportation system characteristics. Interaction terms are introduced in the utility function of the mode choice model using a peri-urban indicator to delineate the differential impact of socio-demographic factors in urban and peri-urban areas. The estimated mode choice model gave a comparatively good fit with the data (47 and 27.5). The significance of the interaction terms indicated a difference in the influence of travel characteristics between urban and peri-urban areas. Gender has a significant influence on the mode choice with females in both urban and peri-urban region having a positive disposition toward NMT. In both regions, an increase in the travel distance reduced the use of non-motorized modes and increased the use of private vehicles. From a social equity perspective, there was a huge scope for promotion of public transport and non-motorized transport in the peri-urban areas. Further, paratransit could be contemplated as a solution to overcome the poor connectivity in the radial routes of peri-urban areas.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publication: Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH.
Keywords: Population statistics; Urban planning, Interaction term; Mode choice; Mode choice models; Motorized two-wheeler; Non-motorised transports; Peri-urban areas; Socio-demographic factors; Sociodemographics; Two wheelers; Urban regions, Urban transportation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2022 03:52
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2022 03:52
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/77214

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