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Strong Anharmonicity-Induced Low Thermal Conductivity and High n-type Mobility in the Topological Insulator Bi1.1Sb0.9Te2S

Pathak, R and Dutta, P and Srivastava, A and Rawat, D and Gopal, RK and Singh, AK and Soni, A and Biswas, K (2022) Strong Anharmonicity-Induced Low Thermal Conductivity and High n-type Mobility in the Topological Insulator Bi1.1Sb0.9Te2S. In: Angewandte Chemie - International Edition .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.202210783


Intrinsically low lattice thermal conductivity (κlat) while maintaining the high carrier mobility (μ) is of the utmost importance for thermoelectrics. Topological insulators (TI) can possess high μ due to the metallic surface states. TIs with heavy constituents and layered structure can give rise to high anharmonicity and are expected to show low κlat. Here, we demonstrate that Bi1.1Sb0.9Te2S (BSTS), which is a 3D bulk TI, exhibits ultra-low κlat of 0.46 Wm−1 K−1 along with high μ of ≈401 cm2 V−1 s−1. Sound velocity measurements and theoretical calculations suggest that chemical bonding hierarchy and high anharmonicity play a crucial role behind such ultra-low κlat. BSTS possesses low energy optical phonons which strongly couple with the heat carrying acoustic phonons leading to ultra-low κlat. Further, Cl has been doped at the S site of BSTS which increases the electron concentration and reduces the κlat resulting in a promising n-type thermoelectric figure of merit (zT) of ≈0.6 at 573 K.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Angewandte Chemie - International Edition
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Keywords: Antimony compounds; Bismuth compounds; Electric insulators; Phonons; Tellurium compounds; Thermal conductivity; Topological insulators, Anharmonicities; High carrier mobility; Lattice thermal conductivity; Layered material; Layered Structures; Low thermal conductivity; Low κ; Metallic surface; Thermoelectric; Topological insulators, Chemical bonds
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2022 08:59
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2022 08:59
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/77048

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