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Study towards understanding foaming and foam stability in urban lakes

Das, R and Chanakya, HN and Rao, L (2022) Study towards understanding foaming and foam stability in urban lakes. In: Journal of Environmental Management, 322 . (Unpublished)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.116111


Foaming water bodies have become a matter of great concern globally. Foam disrupts aquatic ecosystems, emits an offensive smell, disrupts the day-to-day activities in neighbouring localities, and is visually unpleasant. The downstream water bodies are also exposed to the risk of foaming. Even though widespread, the foaming phenomena of surface water bodies are not adequately studied. The present study focuses on the foaming Lake of Bellandur in South India - wherein the sources and concentration of surfactants, effect of phosphorous, effect of bacteria, and its synergy with surfactants were studied. The study revealed that the significant source of pollution in the Lake was the entry of untreated sewage, which consisted of surfactants. The anionic surfactant concentration in the Lake was 17 ± 3 ppm, and surface tension remained around 50 mN/m, similar to the treatment plant inlet. The Phosphorus concentration in the Lake was high at 10 ± 3 ppm, with the primary source being feces and urine. Phosphorus indirectly affected the surfactant concentration of the Lake. Foam stability studies showed that mixed bacteria (filamentous) from Bellandur, in its stationary phase-played a crucial role in adding to the stability of the foam. The highest contributing filamentous bacterial family was found to be Flavobacteriia. © 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Environmental Management
Publisher: Academic Press
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to Academic Press.
Keywords: Bacteria; Foam; Foam stability; Lake; Phosphorus; Surfactant; Water quality
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2022 04:40
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2022 04:40
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/77012

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