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Robust generalized bilinear model with weighted low-rank representation for hyperspectral image unmixing

Ahmad, Touseef and Raha, Soumyendu and B Lyngdoh, Rosly and S Sahadevan, Anand (2022) Robust generalized bilinear model with weighted low-rank representation for hyperspectral image unmixing. In: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 16 (2). 024524-1.

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1117/1.JRS.16.024524


The generalized bilinear model (GBM) has been one of the most representative models for nonlinear unmixing of hyperspectral images (HSI), which can consider the second-order scattering of photons. Recently, robust GBM-low-rank representation (RGBM-LRR) for nonlinear unmixing of HSI has been introduced to capture the spatial correlation of HSI using LRR with nuclear norm minimization (NNM). However, NNM is used to approximate the matrix rank by shrinkage all singular values equally. The singular values have distinct physical significance in many real applications, and NNM may not be able to estimate the matrix rank accurately. To overcome the above issue, a robust GBM with a weighted low-rank representation (RGBM-WLRR) approach is proposed using weighted nuclear norm minimization, which mitigates the penalty on larger singular values by assigning a small weight, so the corresponding shrinkage is small and also takes serious shrinkage on small singular values by assigning larger weights to them. The proposed model is solved using an iterative alternating direction method of the multipliers. A series of experiments with real datasets and a simulated HSI with varying rank and signal-to-noise ratio reveals that RGBM-WLRR performs significantly better than the state-of-the-art algorithms in terms of signal-to-reconstruction error, root-mean-square error, and spectral angle distance.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing
Publisher: SPIE
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to SPIE.
Keywords: hyperspectral image; low-rank representation; sparse representation; robust generalized bilinear model
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Computational and Data Sciences
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2022 04:59
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2022 04:59
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/76799

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