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Dual targeting of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pso2 to mitochondria and the nucleus, and its functional relevance in the repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks

Somashekara, SC and Muniyappa, K (2022) Dual targeting of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pso2 to mitochondria and the nucleus, and its functional relevance in the repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks. In: G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics, 12 (6).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/g3journal/jkac066


Repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks involves a functional interplay among different DNA surveillance and repair pathways. Previous work has shown that interstrand crosslink-inducing agents cause damage to Saccharomyces cerevisiae nuclear and mitochondrial DNA, and its pso2/snm1 mutants exhibit a petite phenotype followed by loss of mitochondrial DNA integrity and copy number. Complex as it is, the cause and underlying molecular mechanisms remains elusive. Here, by combining a wide range of approaches with in vitro and in vivo analyses, we interrogated the subcellular localization and function of Pso2. We found evidence that the nuclear-encoded Pso2 contains 1 mitochondrial targeting sequence and 2 nuclear localization signals (NLS1 and NLS2), although NLS1 resides within the mitochondrial targeting sequence. Further analysis revealed that Pso2 is a dual-localized interstrand crosslink repair protein; it can be imported into both nucleus and mitochondria and that genotoxic agents enhance its abundance in the latter. While mitochondrial targeting sequence is essential for mitochondrial Pso2 import, either NLS1 or NLS2 is sufficient for its nuclear import; this implies that the 2 nuclear localization signal motifs are functionally redundant. Ablation of mitochondrial targeting sequence abrogated mitochondrial Pso2 import, and concomitantly, raised its levels in the nucleus. Strikingly, mutational disruption of both nuclear localization signal motifs blocked the nuclear Pso2 import; at the same time, they enhanced its translocation into the mitochondria, consistent with the notion that the relationship between mitochondrial targeting sequence and nuclear localization signal motifs is competitive. However, the nuclease activity of import-deficient species of Pso2 was not impaired. The potential relevance of dual targeting of Pso2 into 2 DNA-bearing organelles is discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics
Publisher: Genetics Society of America
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: deoxyribonuclease; DNA binding protein; mitochondrial DNA; PSO2 protein, S cerevisiae; Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein, DNA damage; DNA repair; genetics; metabolism; mitochondrion; nuclear localization signal; Saccharomyces cerevisiae, DNA Damage; DNA Repair; DNA, Mitochondrial; DNA-Binding Proteins; Endodeoxyribonucleases; Mitochondria; Nuclear Localization Signals; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2022 09:55
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2022 09:55
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/76639

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