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Fluid flow induced by helical microswimmers in bulk and near walls

Pal, M and Fouxon, I and Leshansky, AM and Ghosh, A (2022) Fluid flow induced by helical microswimmers in bulk and near walls. In: Physical Review Research, 4 (3).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.033069


Magnetic nano- and microswimmers provide a powerful platform to study driven colloidal systems in fluidic media and are relevant to futuristic medical technologies requiring precise yet minimally invasive motion control at small scales. Upon the action of a rotating magnetic field, the helical microswimmers rotate and translate, generating flow in the surrounding fluid. In this paper, we study the fluid flow induced by the rotating helices using a combination of experiments, numerical simulations, and theory. The microhelices are actuated either in a fluid bulk or in proximity to the bottom wall using typical microfluidic device setup. We conclude that the mean hydrodynamic flow due to the helix actuation can be closely approximated by a system of rotlets line distributed along the helical axis (i.e., representing the flow due to rotating cylinder) which gets modified close to a wall through appropriate contributions from image multipoles. As the mean flow can be obtained in closed form, this study can be further applied towards modeling of the dynamics in a swarm of driven microswimmers interacting hydrodynamically near a bounding surface.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review Research
Publisher: American Physical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Author(s).
Keywords: Biomedical engineering, Colloidal system; Flow induced; Fluid-flow; Fluidic medium; Medical technologies; Micro-swimmer; Minimally invasive; Near-wall; Rotating magnetic fields; Small scale, Flow of fluids
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Centre for Nano Science and Engineering
Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2022 09:15
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2022 09:15
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/76602

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