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Sensitivities on nonspinning and spinning primordial black hole dark matter with global 21-cm troughs

Saha, AK and Laha, R (2022) Sensitivities on nonspinning and spinning primordial black hole dark matter with global 21-cm troughs. In: Physical Review D, 105 (10).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.105.103026


Detection of the global 21 cm signal arising from neutral hydrogen can revolutionize our understanding of the standard evolution of the Universe after recombination. In addition, it can also be an excellent probe of dark matter (DM). Among all the DM candidates, primordial black holes (PBHs) are one of the most well motivated. Hawking emission from low-mass PBHs can have a substantial effect on the thermal and ionization history of the early Universe, and that in turn can have an imprint on the global 21 cm signal. Recently EDGES has claimed a global 21 cm signal, though SARAS 3 has rejected that claim. In this work, we investigate the sensitivities on nonspinning and spinning PBHs arising from an EDGES-like measurement of the global 21 cm signal, and find that the sensitivities will be competitive with those arising from other astrophysical observables. We show that the sensitivities can be significantly strengthened depending on various uncertain astrophysical parameters. Besides, we also derive projections on the PBH density from the absorption trough expected during the Dark Ages. Our work shows that the near future unambiguous detection of the global 21 cm absorption troughs can be an excellent probe of PBH DM.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review D
Publisher: American Physical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for High Energy Physics
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2022 08:47
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2022 08:47
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/76545

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