ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Phylogenetic classification of the world's tropical forests

Slik, JWF and Franklin, J and Arroyo-Rodríguez, V and Field, R and Aguilar, S and Aguirre, N and Ahumada, J and Aiba, SI and Alves, LF and Anitha, K and Avella, A and Mora, F and Aymard, GAC and Báez, S and Balvanera, P and Bastian, ML and Bastin, J-F and Bellingham, PJ and Van Den Berg, E and Da Conceição Bispo, P and Boeckx, P and Boehning-Gaese, K and Bongers, F and Boyle, B and Brambach, F and Brearley, FQ and Brown, S and Chai, S-L and Chazdon, RL and Chen, S and Chhang, P and Chuyong, G and Ewango, C and Coronado, IM and Cristóbal-Azkarate, J and Culmsee, H and Damas, K and Dattaraja, HS and Davidar, P and DeWalt, SJ and DIn, H and Drake, DR and Duque, A and Durigan, G and Eichhorn, K and Eler, ES and Enoki, T and Ensslin, A and Fandohan, AB and Farwig, N and Feeley, KJ and Fischer, M and Forshed, O and Garcia, QS and Garkoti, SC and Gillespie, TW and Gillet, J-F and Gonmadje, C and Granzow-De La Cerda, I and Griffith, DM and Grogan, J and Hakeem, KR and Harris, DJ and Harrison, RD and Hector, A and Hemp, A and Homeier, J and Hussain, MS and Ibarra-Manríquez, G and Hanum, IF and Imai, N and Jansen, PA and Joly, CA and Joseph, S and Kartawinata, K and Kearsley, E and Kelly, DL and Kessler, M and Killeen, TJ and Kooyman, RM and Laumonier, Y and Laurance, SG and Laurance, WF and Lawes, MJ and Letcher, SG and Lindsell, J and Lovett, J and Lozada, J and Lu, X and Lykke, AM and Bin Mahmud, K and Mahayani, NPD and Mansor, A and Marshall, AR and Martin, EH and Matos, DCL and Meave, JA and Melo, FPL and Mendoza, ZHA and Metali, F and Medjibe, VP and Metzger, JP and Metzker, T and Mohandass, D and Munguía-Rosas, MA and Muñoz, R and Nurtjahya, E and De Oliveira, EL and Onrizal, Onrizal and Parolin, P and Parren, M and Parthasarathy, N and Paudel, E and Perez, R and Pérez-García, EA and Pommer, U and Poorter, L and Qi, L and Piedade, MTF and Pinto, JRR and Poulsen, AD and Poulsen, JR and Powers, JS and Prasad, RC and Puyravaud, J-P and Rangel, O and Reitsma, J and Rocha, DSB and Rolim, S and Rovero, F and Rozak, A and Ruokolainen, K and Rutishauser, E and Rutten, G and Mohd Said, MN and Saiter, FZ and Saner, P and Santos, B and Dos Santos, JR and Sarker, SK and Schmitt, CB and Schoengart, J and Schulze, M and Sheil, D and Sist, P and Souza, AF and Spironello, WR and Sposito, T and Steinmetz, R and Stevart, T and Suganuma, MS and Sukri, R and Sultana, A and Sukumar, R and Sunderland, T and Supriyadi, Supriyadi and Suresh, HS and Suzuki, E and Tabarelli, M and Tang, J and Tanner, EVJ and Targhetta, N and Theilade, I and Thomas, D and Timberlake, J and De Morisson Valeriano, M and Van Valkenburg, J and Van Do, T and Van Sam, H and Vandermeer, JH and Verbeeck, H and Vetaas, OR and Adekunle, V and Vieira, SA and Webb, CO and Webb, EL and Whitfeld, T and Wich, S and Williams, J and Wiser, S and Wittmann, F and Yang, X and Yao, CYA and Yap, SL and Zahawi, RA and Zakaria, R and Zang, R (2018) Phylogenetic classification of the world's tropical forests. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115 (8). pp. 1837-1842.

pro_nat_aca_sci_uni_sta_ame_115-8_1837-1842_2018.pdf - Published Version

Download (914kB) | Preview
erratum_pro_nat_aca_sci_uni_sta_ame_115-13_E3067_2018.pdf - Published Version

Download (36kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1714977115


Knowledge about the biogeographic affinities of the world's tropical forests helps to better understand regional differences in forest structure, diversity, composition, and dynamics. Such understanding will enable anticipation of region-specific responses to global environmental change. Modern phylogenies, in combination with broad coverage of species inventory data, now allow for global biogeographic analyses that take species evolutionary distance into account. Here we present a classification of the world's tropical forests based on their phylogenetic similarity. We identify five principal floristic regions and their floristic relationships: (i) Indo-Pacific, (ii) Subtropical, (iii) African, (iv) American, and (v) Dry forests. Our results do not support the traditional neo- versus paleotropical forest division but instead separate the combined American and African forests from their Indo-Pacific counterparts. We also find indications for the existence of a global dry forest region, with representatives in America, Africa, Madagascar, and India. Additionally, a northern-hemisphere Subtropical forest region was identified with representatives in Asia and America, providing support for a link between Asian and American northern-hemisphere forests.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Article; Asia; biogeography; cladistics; climate change; forest dynamics; forest structure; India; information processing; Madagascar; nonhuman; phylogeny; priority journal; species composition; tropical rain forest; Western Hemisphere; biodiversity; classification; environmental monitoring; environmental protection; forest; genetics; plant; tropic climate, Biodiversity; Conservation of Natural Resources; Environmental Monitoring; Forests; Phylogeny; Plants; Tropical Climate
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2022 08:47
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2022 08:47
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/76308

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item