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Pion electromagnetic form factor at high precision with implications to aμππ and the onset of perturbative QCD

Ananthanarayan, B and Caprini, I and Das, D (2018) Pion electromagnetic form factor at high precision with implications to aμππ and the onset of perturbative QCD. In: Physical Review D, 98 (11).

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.98.114015


We extend recently developed methods used for determining the electromagnetic charge radius and aμππ to obtain a determination of the electromagnetic form factor of the pion, FπV(t), in several significant kinematical regions, using a parametrization-free formalism based on analyticity and unitarity, with the inclusion of precise inputs from both timelike and spacelike regions. On the unitarity cut, below the first inelastic threshold, we use the precisely known phase of the form factor, known from ππ elastic scattering via the Fermi-Watson theorem, and above the inelastic threshold, a conservative integral condition on the modulus. We also use as input the experimental values of the modulus at several energies in the elastic region, where the data from e+e-→π+π- and τ hadronic decays are mutually consistent, as well as the most recent measurements at spacelike momenta. The experimental uncertainties are implemented by Monte Carlo simulations. At spacelike values Q2=-t>0 near the origin, our predictions are consistent and significantly more precise than the recent QCD lattice calculations. The determinations at larger Q2 confirm the late onset of perturbative QCD for exclusive quantities. From the predictions of |FπV(t)|2 on the timelike axis below 0.63 GeV, we obtain the hadronic vacuum polarization (HPV) contribution to the muon anomaly, aμππ|≤0.63 GeV=(132.97±0.70)×10-10, using input from both e+e- annihilation and τ decay, and aμππ|≤0.63 GeV=(132.91±0.76)×10-10 using only e+e- input. Our determinations can be readily extended to obtain such contributions in any interval of interest lying between 2mπ and 0.63 GeV.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review D
Publisher: American Physical Society
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the authors.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Centre for High Energy Physics
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2022 11:54
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2022 11:54
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/75276

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