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Heterogeneity in aerosol characteristics at the semi-arid and island AERONET observing sites in India and Maldives

Varpe, SR and Kolhe, AR and Kutal, GC and Pawar, GV and Payra, S and Budhavant, KB and Aher, GR and Devara, PCS (2018) Heterogeneity in aerosol characteristics at the semi-arid and island AERONET observing sites in India and Maldives. In: International Journal of Remote Sensing, 39 (19). pp. 6137-6169.

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2018.1454622


Multi-year Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) direct Sun retrieved and inversion algorithm derived aerosol products at a semi-arid, urban site, Jaipur (26.90° N, 75.80° E) and island observing site, Maldives Climate Observatory-Hanimaadhoo (MCO-Hanimaadhoo, 6.74° N, 73.17° E) are analysed to investigate heterogeneity in aerosol optical and microphysical properties. Results reveal the existence of a large seasonal diversity in the frequency distributions of aerosol optical depth (AOD500 nm, AOD1020 nm) and Ångström exponent (AE440–870 nm) during different seasons at Jaipur and MCO-Hanimaadhoo. These are indicative of the advection of different aerosol types (viz., black carbon (BC) aerosol, organic aerosol, sulfate particle, dust, sea salt, nitrate particle, and mixtures thereof) from a variety of production mechanisms influenced by strong seasonal changes of anthropogenic activities as well as modulations induced by the climatic condition. The cumulative frequency analysis of the single scattering albedo (SSA) difference (i.e. ΔSSA = SSA440 nm–SSA1020 nm) shows that at Jaipur ΔSSA is predominantly negative (around 88% days) while at MCO-Hanimaadhoo it is positive (around 74% days). The positive and negative values of ΔSSA are respectively linked to a stronger absorption by BC mixed anthropogenic pollution aerosols at 1020 nm and to a stronger absorption by mineral dust containing iron oxide at 440 nm. The spectral behaviour of SSA, thus, facilitates investigation of the existence of iron oxide or BC in aerosols. The ‘Bivariate Kernel density’ plots of SSA versus fine-mode fraction (FMF) of AOD440 nm/AE440–870 nm reveal that at Jaipur the aerosol ensemble consists of coarse-mode particles (AE and FMF cluster in the range 0.2–0.4), a dominant category along with significant fine-mode and much less mixed category. At MCO-Hanimaadhoo fine-mode particle category (with FMF and AE cluster in the range 0.90–0.95 and 1.2–1.6 respectively) is the only dominant category. The persisting log-normal bimodal feature in aerosol volume size distribution (AVSD) is observed both at Jaipur and MCO-Hanimaadhoo. The modal volume concentration of coarse-mode aerosol decreases from FMF of AOD675 nm = 0.25 (inherently belonging to the coarse-mode regime) to FMF of AOD675 nm = 0.95 (inherently belonging to the fine-mode regime). This transformation in coarse-to fine-mode volume concentration is associated with a steady rise in AE440–874 nm supporting this changeover.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Journal of Remote Sensing
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Keywords: Atmospheric aerosols; Dust; Iron oxides; Particulate emissions; Sulfur compounds; Urban growth, Aerosol characteristics; Aerosol optical depths; Aerosol robotic networks; Anthropogenic pollution; Cumulative frequency analysis; Frequency distributions; Microphysical property; Single scattering albedo, Air pollution, advection; AERONET; aerosol; algorithm; atmospheric pollution; concentration (composition); heterogeneity; human activity; optical property; seasonal variation; semiarid region; spectral analysis, India; Maldives
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2022 06:52
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2022 06:52
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/75220

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