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Facile synthesis and phase stability of Cu-based Na2Cu(SO4)2·xH2O (x = 0-2) sulfate minerals as conversion type battery electrodes

Singh, S and Neveu, A and Jayanthi, K and Das, T and Chakraborty, S and Navrotsky, A and Pralong, V and Barpanda, P (2022) Facile synthesis and phase stability of Cu-based Na2Cu(SO4)2·xH2O (x = 0-2) sulfate minerals as conversion type battery electrodes. In: Dalton Transactions .

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1039/d2dt01830f


Mineral exploration forms a key approach for unveiling functional battery electrode materials. The synthetic preparation of naturally found minerals and their derivatives can aid in designing of new electrodes. Herein, saranchinaite Na2Cu(SO4)2 and its hydrated derivative kröhnkite Na2Cu(SO4)2·2H2O bisulfate minerals have been prepared using a facile spray drying route for the first time. The phase stability relation during the (de)hydration process was examined synergising in situ X-ray diffraction and thermochemical studies. Kröhnkite forms the thermodynamically stable phase as the hydration of saranchinaite to kröhnkite is highly exothermic (−51.51 ± 0.63 kJ mol−1). Structurally, kröhnkite offers a facile 2D pathway for Na+ ion migration resulting in 20 times higher total conductivity than saranchinaite at 60 °C. Both compounds exhibited a conversion redox mechanism for Li-ion storage with the first discharge capacity exceeding 650 mA h g−1 (at 2 mA g−1vs. Li+/Li) upon discharge up to 0.05 V. Post-mortem analysis revealed that the presence of metallic Cu in the discharged state is responsible for high irreversibility during galvanostatic cycling. This study reaffirms the exploration of Cu-based polyanionic sulfates, which while having limited (de)insertion properties, can be harnessed for conversion-based electrode materials for batteries.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Dalton Transactions
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Royal Society of Chemistry.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2022 05:43
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2022 05:43
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/75014

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