ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

Incentive Compatible Mechanisms for Efficient Procurement of Agricultural Inputs for Farmers through Farmer Collectives

Ratan Bhardwaj, M and Fatima, A and Enaganti, I and Narahari, Y (2022) Incentive Compatible Mechanisms for Efficient Procurement of Agricultural Inputs for Farmers through Farmer Collectives. In: 4th ACM SIGCAS/SIGCHI Conference on Computing and Sustainable Societies, COMPASS 2022, 29 June - 1 July 2022, Virtual, Online at Seattle WA USA, pp. 696-700.

ACM SIGCAS-SIGCHI_COMPASS 2022_F180472_696-700_2022.pdf - Published Version

Download (448kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1145/3530190.3534842


Sourcing the right quality and quantity of agricultural inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, and pesticides, constitutes a crucial aspect of agricultural input operations. This is a particularly challenging problem being faced by the small and marginal farmers in any emerging economy. Farmer collectives (FCs) which are cooperative societies of farmers, launched under Federal Government initiatives in many countries, offer the prospect of enabling cost-effective procurement of inputs with assured quality. We seek, in this work, sound and explainable mechanisms for the above important use-case. In particular, we propose the use of incentive compatible auction mechanisms that could be used by an FC to procure quality inputs in bulk. The idea is the following. An FC collects from the farmers their individual requirements for inputs and aggregates them into different buckets. For each bucket, the FC identifies suppliers who meet the quality criteria and engages them in a competitive procurement auction. We explore in this paper, two particular types of procurement auctions: volume discount auctions and combinatorial auctions in the framework of Vickrey-Clarke-Groves (VCG) mechanisms. These are explainable mechanisms that induce truthful bids from the suppliers as well as maximize the social welfare. We show their efficacy through carefully designed thought experiments. Our field studies of FCs give us the confidence that such mechanisms, if deployed systematically, can become a game changer, benefiting a massive community of smallholder farmers.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publication: ACM International Conference Proceeding Series
Publisher: Association for Computing Machinery
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the Authors.
Keywords: Commerce; Cost effectiveness, Agricultural input planning; Cost effective; Emerging economies; Farmer collective; Federal governments; Government initiatives; Incentive compatible mechanisms; Procurement auction; Small and marginal farmer; Vickrey-Clarke-Groves mechanism, Seed
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Computer Science & Automation
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2022 11:39
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2022 11:39
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/75003

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item