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Natural Algal Photobioreactors for Sustainable Wastewater Treatment

Mahapatra, DM and Joshi, NV and Murthy, GS and Ramachandra, TV (2019) Natural Algal Photobioreactors for Sustainable Wastewater Treatment. [Book Chapter]

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1201/9780429057892-3


Traditional ponds, lakes and lagoons as natural algal photobioreactors are the most attractive and economic options for wastewater treatment and help in remediation functioning as stabilization ponds, facultative lagoons, oxidation ponds, high rate algal ponds. The pond system has been followed globally and can be seen operational in Mediterranean and southern European nations, especially in suburbs comprising of facultative and maturation ponds as in Algeria, Egypt, Greece, Morocco and Tunisia. Facultative system usually provides all dynamic environments such as an aerobic environment in the top predominated by algal communities heterotrophic bacteria; an anaerobic environment at the pond bottom and the middle depth regions that has transient aerobic to anoxic nature, which allows both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria to thrive. Economic viability of treatment systems depends on the location and quantum aspects. Globally, there is great deal of difference in the human resource and commodity/infrastructure availability that sets the labor and the materials cost. © 2020 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Publication: Handbook of Algal Technologies and Phytochemicals: Volume II: Phycoremediation, Biofuels and Global Biomass Production
Publisher: CRC Press
Additional Information: The copyright for this article belongs to the CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Centre for Ecological Sciences
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Sustainable Technologies (formerly ASTRA)
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2022 10:15
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2022 10:15
URI: https://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/74445

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